Event Details


Title:Runway excursion, Eastern Air Lines, Inc., Boeing 727-225, N8838E, Raleigh, North Carolina, November 12, 1975
Micro summary:This Boeing 727-225 left the runway while landing in foul weather.
Event Time:1975-11-12 at 2002 EST
File Name:1975-11-12-US.pdf
Publishing Agency:National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
Publishing Country:USA
Report number:NTSB-AAR-76-15
Pages:89
Site of event:282' short of RWY 23
Latitude/Longitude:N3552' W7847'
Departure:William B. Hartsfield International Airport, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Destination:Raleigh-Durham International Airport, Morrisville, North Carolina, USA
Airplane Type(s):Boeing 727-225
Flight Phase:Landing
Registration(s):N8838E
Operator(s):Eastern Air Lines
Type of flight:Revenue
Occupants:139
Fatalities:0
Serious Injuries:8
Minor/Non-Injured:131
Other Injuries:0
Executive Summary:About 2002 EST on November 12, 1975, Eastern Air Lines, Inc., Flight 576 struck the ground about 282 feet short of runway 23 at the Raleigh-Durham Airport, Raleigh, North Carolina, bounced and touched down on the runway, then slid to a stop off the right side of the runway 4,150 feet past the runway threshold. The accident occurred during an instrument landing system approach when the airplane encountered unexpectedly heavy rain while 100 feet above the ground. The airplane was damaged substantially. Of the 139 persons aboard the airplane, eight were injured; one was injured seriously.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of the accident was an encounter with heavy rain and associated downdrafts and wind shear during the final stages of landing when the airplane was less than 100 feet above the ground. The sudden onset of the meteorological conditions did not allow sufficient time for the captain to perceive and react to the effect of the downdraft and wind shear on the airplane's performance to stop the airplane's increased rate of descent and for the airplane to respond before striking the ground short of the runway.
Learning Keywords:Operations - Runway Excursion
Operations - Runway Underrun
Operations - Unstabilized Approach
Operations - Windshear or Microburst
Close match:Landed short, Iberia Lineas Aereas De Espana (Iberian Airlines), McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, EC-CBN, Logan International Airport, Boston, Massachusetts, December 17, 1973
Landed short, Delta Air Lines, Inc., McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32, N3323L, Chattanooga Municipal Airport, Chattanooga, Tennessee, November 27, 1973

 




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