|Title:||Crash During Landing, Federal Express, Inc., Mcdonnell Douglas MD-11, N611FE, Newark International Airport, Newark, New Jersery, July 31, 1997|
|Micro summary:||This McDonnell Douglas MD-11 made a hard landing, suffering severe structural failure.|
|Event Time:||1997-07-31 at 0132 EDT|
|Publishing Agency:||National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)|
|Site of event:||EWR|
|Departure:||Singapore Changi International Airport, Changi, Singapore|
|Destination:||Newark Liberty International Airport, Newark, New Jersey, USA|
|Airplane Type(s):||McDonnell Douglas MD-11|
|Type of flight:||Revenue|
|Executive Summary:||Abstract: This report explains the accident involving Federal Express flight 14, an MD-11, which crashed while landing on runway 22R at Newark International Airport, Newark, New Jersey, on July 31, 1997. Safety issues discussed in this report focus on landing techniques, bounced landing recovery, and training tools and policies that promote proactive decision-making to go around if an approach is unstabilized. Safety issues also include the use of on board computers to determine the required runway length for landing, MD-11 handling characteristics and structural integrity requirements, hard landing inspection requirements, and tracking hazardous materials.|
Executive Summary On July 31, 1997, about 0132 eastern daylight time, a McDonnell Douglas MD-11, N611FE, operated by Federal Express, Inc., (FedEx) as flight 14, crashed while landing on runway 22R at Newark International Airport, Newark, New Jersey (EWR). The regularly scheduled cargo flight originated in Singapore on July 30 with intermediate stops in Penang, Malaysia; Taipei, Taiwan; and Anchorage, Alaska. The flight from Anchorage International Airport to EWR was conducted on an instrument flight rules flight plan and operated under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 121. On board were the captain and first officer, who had taken over the flight in Anchorage for the final leg to EWR, one jumpseat passenger, and two cabin passengers. All five occupants received minor injuries in the crash and during subsequent egress through a cockpit window. The airplane was destroyed by impact and a postcrash fire.
The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the captainís overcontrol of the airplane during the landing and his failure to execute a go-around from a destabilized flare. Contributing to the accident was the captainís concern with touching down early to ensure adequate stopping distance.
Safety issues discussed in this report focus on landing techniques, bounced landing recovery, and training tools and policies that promote proactive decision-making to go around if an approach is unstabilized. Safety issues also include the use of on board computers to determine the required runway length for landing, MD-11 handling characteristics and structural integrity requirements, and hard landing inspection requirements. Tracking hazardous materials continues to be a safety issue and is also discussed in the report.
Safety recommendations concerning these issues are addressed to the Federal Aviation Administration.
|Learning Keywords:||Operations - Bounce|
|Operations - Cargo - Hazmat|
|Operations - Maintenance|
|Consequence - Hull Loss|
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