|Title:||Accidental ditching, Japan Airlines Co., Ltd., DC-8-62, JA8032, San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, California, November 22, 1968|
|Micro summary:||This Douglas DC-8-62 accidentally landed in San Francisco Bay 2.5 miles from the airport.|
|Event Time:||1968-11-22 at 1654 UTC|
|Publishing Agency:||National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)|
|Site of event:||2.5 miles from the end of runway 28L, SFO|
|Departure:||Tokyo International Airport (Haneda), Tokyo, Japan|
|Destination:||San Francisco International Airport, San Francisco, California, USA|
|Airplane Type(s):||Douglas DC-8-62|
|Type of flight:||Revenue|
|Executive Summary:||Japan Air Lines, Douglas DC-8-62, JA8032, made an unintentional water landing in San Francisco Bay while operating as Flight 2, departed Tokyo International Airport at 0836Z (1736 Tokyo Time) on November 22, 1968, with 96 passengers, including six infants and a crew of a11 for a nonstop Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) flight to the San Francisco International Airport, San Francisco, California.|
The flight arrived in the San Francisco area at 1654Z (0854 Pacific standard time) after a routine flight. Normal communications were established, and the crew was radar vectored to the Woodside VHF Omnidirectional Range (VOR) and thence to intercept the Instrument Landing System (ILS) for Runway 28L at the San Francisco International Airport.
The flight crossed the Woodside VOR at 1716Z at approximately 4,000 feet and, at 1718:30Z, was cleared to descend to 2,000 feet. The flight descended in a constant, uninterrupted rate of descent from this time until about 6 seconds before water imapct at 1724:25Z. The aircraft was on the localizer and contacted the water about 2.5 miles from the end of Runway 28L.
There were no injuries to any of the passengers or crew during the accident and ensuing evacuation. The aircraft was recovered from the waters of San Francisco Bay about 55 hours after the accident.
The Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the improper application of the prescribed procedures to execute an automatic-coupled ILS approach. This deviation from the prescribed procedures was, in part, due to a lack of familiarization and infrequent operation of the installed flight director and autopilot system.
|Learning Keywords:||Operations - Crew Resource Management|
|Operations - Controlled Flight Into Terrain|
|Operations - Ditching/Water Evacuation|
|Operations - Evacuation|
|Operations - Training Deficiency|
|Operations - Unstabilized Approach|
|Systems - Automation Design|
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|In-Flight Engine Failure and Subsequent Ditching, Air Sunshine, Inc., Flight 527, Cessna 402C, N314AB, About 7.35 Nautical Miles West-Northwest of Treasure Cay Airport, Great Abaco Island, Bahamas, July 13, 2003|
|Descent into ocean, Scandinavian Airlines System, McDonnell-Douglas DC-8-62, LN-M00, (Norwegian Registry) in Santa Monica Bay, Approximately 6 miles off Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles, California, January 13, 1969|
|Fuel exhaustion, Overseas National Airways, Inc., Douglas DC-9, N935F, Operating As Antilliaanse Luchtvaart Maatschappij Flight 980, Near St. Croix, Virgin Islands, May 2, 1970|
|Ethiopian Airlines B767 (ET-AIZ) Aircraft Accident In the Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros, in the Indian Ocean on November 23, 1996|
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