|Title:||Uncontrolled Collision with Terrain, American International Airways Flight 808, Douglas DC-8-61, N814CK, US Naval Air Station Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, August 18, 1993|
|Micro summary:||This DC-8 stalled and crashed while turning onto final.|
|Event Time:||1993-08-18 at 1656 EDT|
|Publishing Agency:||National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)|
|Site of event:||US Naval Air Station Guantanamo Bay|
|Departure:||Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, Dallas & Fort Worth, Texas, USA|
|Destination:||Leeward Point Airfield, US NAS Guantanamo Bay, Cuba|
|Airplane Type(s):||Douglas DC-8-61|
|Operator(s):||American International Airways|
|Type of flight:||Cargo|
|Executive Summary:||On August 18, 1993, at 1656 eastern daylight time, a Douglas DC-8-61 freighter, N814CK, registered to American International Airways, Inc., doing business as Connie Kalitta Services, Inc., and operating as AIA flight 808, collided with level terrain approximately 114 mile from the approach end of runway 10, after the captain lost control of the airplane while approaching the Leeward Point Airfield at the U.S. Naval Air Station, Guantanarno Bay, Cuba. The airplane was destroyed by impact forces and a postaccident fire, and the three flight crewmembers sustained serious injuries. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and an instrument flight rules flight plan had been filed. The flight was conducted under 14 Code of Federal Regulations, Pan 121, Supplemental Air Carriers, as an international, nonscheduled, military contract flight. |
The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable causes of this accident were the impaired judgment, decision-making, and flying abilities of the captain and flightcrew due to the effects of fatigue; the captain's failure to properly assess the conditions for landing and maintaining vigilant situational awareness of the airplane while maneuvering onto final approach; his failure to prevent the loss of airspeed and avoid a stall while in the steep bank turn; and his failure to execute immediate action to recover from a stall.
Additional factors contributing to the cause were the inadequacy of the flight and duty time regulations applied to 14 CFR, Part 121, Supplemental Air Carrier, international operations, and the circumstances that resulted in the extended flightlduty hours and fatigue of the flightcrew members. Also contributing were the inadequate crew resource management training and the inadequate training and guidance by American International Airways, Inc., to the flightcrew for operations at special airports, such as Guantanamo Bay; and the Navy's failure to provide a system that would assure that the local tower controller was aware of the inoperative strobe light so as to provide the flightcrew with such information.
Safety issues discussed in the report focused on crew scheduling by American International Airways, Inc., the effects of fatigue on flightcrew performance, training on special airports by American International Airways, Inc., and the lack of dissemination of information about special airports by the Department of Defense. Safety recommendations concerning these issues were made to the Federal Aviation Administration, American International Airways, Inc., and the Department of Defense.
|Learning Keywords:||Operations - Airport Markings or Lighting|
|Operations - Airspace - Air Traffic Control|
|Operations - Crew Resource Management|
|Operations - Uncontrolled Flight into Terrain|
|Operations - Unstabilized Approach|
|Operations - Upset in-flight (extreme attitudes, stall, spin)|
|Other - Crew Fatigue|
|Other - Regulatory Oversight|
|Consequence - Hull Loss|
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