|Title:||Runway collision of Eastern Airlines Boeing 727, Flight 111 and Epps Air Service Beechcraft King Air A100, Atlanta Hartsfield International Airport, Atlanta, Georgia, January 18, 1990|
|Micro summary:||This landing Boeing 727 overran a Beechcraft King Air A100, also landing, on the runway.|
|Event Time:||1990-01-18 at 1904 EST|
|Publishing Agency:||National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)|
|Site of event:||Runway 26R, Atlanta Hartsfield|
|First Airplane||Second Airplane|
|Departure:||LaGuardia International Airport, New York, New York, USA||Dekalb-Peachtree Airport, Atlanta, Georgia, USA|
|Destination:||Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Atlanta, Georgia, USA||Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Atlanta, Georgia, USA|
|Airplane Type(s):||Boeing 727-225A||Beechcraft King Air A100|
|Operator(s):||Eastern Air Lines||Epps Air Service|
|Type of flight:||Revenue||Revenue|
|Executive Summary:||On January 18, 1990, about 1904, an Eastern Airlines Boeing 727, flight 111, while landing on the runway in night visual conditions, collided with an Epps Air Service Beechcraft King Air A100, N44UE, at the William B. Hartsfield International Airport, At1 anta, Georgia. The King Air had been cleared to land on runway 26 right ahead of the Eastern flight and was in its landing roll. It was struck from behind by the B-727, which had also been cleared to land on runway 26 right. The B-727 sustained substantial damage, but none of the 149 passengers or 8 crewmembers onboard were injured. The King Air was destroyed as a result of the collision. The pilot of the King Air sustained fatal injuries, and the copilot, the only other occupant, sustained severe injuries. |
The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable causes of this accident were (1) the failure of the Federal Aviation Administration to provide air traffic control procedures that adequately take into consideration human performance factors such as those which resulted in the failure of the north local controller to detect the developing conflict between N44UE and EA 111, and (2) the failure of the north local controller to ensure the separation of arriving aircraft which were using the same runway.
Contributing to the accident was the failure of the north local controller to follow the prescribed procedure of issuing appropriate traffic information to EA 111, and failure of the north final controller and the radar monitor controller to issue timely speed reductions to maintain adequate separation between aircraft on final approach.
The safety issues raised in this report include:
o Air traffic controller procedures and compliance with requirements for final approach separation and clearance to land.
o Conspicuity of airplane lighting.
o Limitations of the "see and avoid" principle in the night landing, final approach environment.
o Effectiveness of airport surface detection equipment (ASDE) the Airport Movement Area Safety System (AMASS) and Airport Surface Traffic Automation (ASTA) to preclude similar runway incursion accidents.
As a result of this investigation, the Safety Board made five recommendations to the FAA intended to prevent runway incursion accidents.
|Learning Keywords:||Operations - Airspace - Air Traffic Control|
|Operations - Airspace - See & avoid|
|Operations - Runway Collision|
|Operations - Ground Collision|
|Operations - Runway Incursion|
|Other - Regulatory Oversight|
|Other - Workplace Culture or Management|
|Consequence - Damage - Airframe or fuselage|
|Close match:||Ground collision, Final Report by the Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau on the collision on the ground between Crossair AG AVRO RJ100, HB-IYX and TAM, Brazilian Airlines Airbus A330-200, PT-MVB on 27 December 2001, 19:39 UTC Zurich Airport|
|Runway Collision, United Express Flight 5925 and Beechcraft King Air A90, Quincy Municipal Airport, Quincy, Illinois, November 19, 1996|
|Runway Collision involving Trans World Airlines Flight 427 and Superior Aviation Cessna 441, Bridgeton, Missouri, November 22, 1994|
|Ground collision, Collision between KLM Boeing 747 PH-BUF and Pan Am boeing 747, N737PA at Los Rodeos (Tenerife Norte) on March 27, 1977|
|Runway Collision, Korean Air Lines, McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, HL7339, Southcentral Air Piper PA-31-350, N35206, Anchorage, Alaska, December 23, 1983|
|Runway collision of USAir Flight 1493, Boeing 737 and Skywest Flight 5569 FairChild Metroliner, Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles, California, February 1, 1991|
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