|Title:||Landing gear failure, Boeing 727-257, July 4 1995|
|Micro summary:||Directional control failure following main landing gear failure for this Boeing 727-257|
|Event Time:||1995-07-04 at 1103 PDT|
|Publishing Agency:||National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)|
|Site of event:||Las Vegas, NV|
|Departure:||Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, Romulus, Michigan, USA|
|Destination:||McCarran International Airport, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA|
|Airplane Type(s):||Boeing 727-257|
|Type of flight:||Revenue|
NTSB short summary:
A shear failure of the right main landing gear outer cylinder trunnion due to fatigue and stress corrosion, and the operator's inadequate and improper overhaul procedures.
After touchdown the crew felt the aircraft lurch to the right. An inspection revealed that the right main landing gear outer cylinder trunnion had sheared at the main landing gear beam trunnion support. The operator reported two similar prior incidents. The failed trunnion and the two from the prior occurrences were sent to boeing for detailed metallurgical analysis. According to the lab report, all three trunnions failed as a result of a fatigue fracture and stress corrosion which initiated in the blendout transition radius between the machined down trunnion journal and the cylinder. The radius was found to be below the specified minimum and nickel plating extended into the area in excess of the length permitted by the overhaul manual. Severe through-thickness cracking in the chrome plating was also found in all three trunnions. According to the operator, Boeing 727 landing gear overhaul rework is performed in-house.
NTSB factual narrative text:
On July 4, 1995, at 1103 Pacific daylight time, a Boeing 727- 257, N712RC, right main landing gear collapsed while landing at Las Vegas, Nevada. The aircraft was operated by Northwest Airlines as flight 1191 under 14 CFR Part 121 of Federal Aviation Regulations. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and an IFR flight plan had been filed. None of the three crew members, four cabin attendants or 46 passengers were injured; however, the aircraft sustained minor damage. The flight originated from Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport at 0930 central daylight time on the day of the incident.
After touching down on runway 25L at McCarran International Airport, the aircraft slowed to about 70 knots. At that time, the flight crew felt the aircraft lurch to the right. The captain thought the right main tires had blown and as a precaution brought the aircraft to a halt on the runway 15 feet to the right of the runway centerline. He declared an emergency and emergency equipment was dispatched to the aircraft. After the aircraft was inspected by crash-rescue and Northwest maintenance personnel, all the passengers were disembarked through the main cabin door. The aircraft was later towed off the runway.
A subsequent inspection of the aircraft revealed that the right main landing gear outer cylinder trunnion had sheared at the main landing gear beam trunnion support. The outer cylinder translated upward, damaging the main landing gear beam upper chord. The flight data recorder was recovered and forwarded to Northwest Airlines maintenance facilities.
The average time in service for the effected component is 10 years. The time since the overhaul for this trunnion assembly was approximately 3 years. A review of the aircraft logbook pages onboard the aircraft failed to identify any discrepancies related to the landing gear.
The failed main landing gear outer cylinder trunnion was sent to Boeing for detailed metallurgical analysis. In addition, two other failed trunnions were submitted for examination. According to the laboratory report (attached), all three trunnions failed as a result of a fatigue fracture and stress corrosion which initiated in the blendout transition radius between the machined down trunnion journal and the cylinder. The blendout transition radius was found to be below the specified 1.00-inch minimum and nickel plating extended into the blendout transition radius in excess of the length permitted by the overhaul manual. Severe through-thickness chicken wire cracking in the chrome plating was also found in all three trunnions.
Northwest Airlines reported a similar incident on May 24, 1995, during takeoff roll at San Francisco International airport. The Las Vegas Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) airworthiness inspector reported that the service history of the 727 includes about 20 occurrences of a trunnion shearing.
According to Northwest Airlines, Boeing 727 landing gear overhaul rework is performed in-house.
|Learning Keywords:||Operations - Maintenance|
|Systems - Landing Gear|
|Systems - Landing Gear - MLG Collapse|
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