Event Details

Title:Botched landing, Accident to Boeing 757-200 G-BYAG at Girona Airport on 14 September 1999 (Recommended)
Micro summary:Foul weather and airfield lighting yield a botched landing for this Boeing 757-200.
Event Time:1999-09-14 at 2147 UTC
File Name:1999-09-14-ES.pdf
Publishing Agency:Civil Aviation Accident and Incident Investigation Commission (CIAIAC)
Publishing Country:Spain
Report number:A-054/1999
Site of event:Landing on runway 20, Girona Airport, Spain.
Departure:Cardiff International Airport, Cardiff, Wales
Destination:Girona-Costa Brava Airport, Girona, Spain
Airplane Type(s):Boeing 757
Flight Phase:Landing
Operator(s):Britannia Airways
Type of flight:Revenue
Serious Injuries:43
Other Injuries:0
Executive Summary:The aircraft made an approach and landing at Girona Airport, Spain, at night through heavy thunderstorms with rain. At a late stage of the approach the airfield lighting failed for a few seconds. The aircraft touched down hard simultaneously on the nose and mainwheels and bounced. A second harder touchdown on the nosewheel displaced the nose landing gear and its support structure. Resultant aircraft systems damage caused the loss of virtually all electrical power, interference with controls and uncommanded forward thrust increase.

The aircraft ran off the side of the runway at high speed around 1,000 metres after the second touchdown. After crossing a number of obstacles it landed heavily in a field outside the airfield boundary and came to rest after having travelled almost 1,900 metres from the second touchdown. The fuselage had been fractured in two places and there was considerable disruption to the cabin. There was no fire. Evacuation of all the occupants, initiated by the cabin crew, was completed rapidly. Emergency services had difficulty in locating the aircraft in the adverse conditions and arrived on the scene after evacuation had been completed.

Under the provisions of Annex 13 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, Accredited Representatives of the United Kingdom and of the United States of America participated in the investigation. Technical assistance was provided by the manufacturer and the operator.
Learning Keywords:Operations - Bounce
Operations - Evacuation
Operations - Hard Landing
Operations - Runway Excursion
Consequence - Damage - Airframe or fuselage


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