|Title:||Fuel exhaustion, Avianca, The Airline Of Columbia, Boeing 707-321 B, HK 2016, Fuel Exhaustion, Cove Neck, New York, January 25, 1990|
|Micro summary:||This Boeing 707-321 ran out of fuel and crashed short of the airport.|
|Event Time:||1990-01-25 at 2134 EST|
|Publishing Agency:||National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)|
|Site of event:||Cove Neck, Long Island|
|Departure:||Jose Maria Cordova Airport, Medellin, Colombia|
|Destination:||John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York, USA|
|Airplane Type(s):||Boeing 707-321B|
|Operator(s):||Avianca, the Airline of Colombia|
|Type of flight:||Revenue|
|Executive Summary:||On July 19, 1989, at approximately 2134 eastern standard time, Avianca Airlines flight 052, a Boeing 707-321B with Colombian registration HK 2016, crashed in a wooded residential area in Cove Neck, Long Island, New York. AVA052 was a scheduled international passenger flight from Bogota, Colombia, to John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York, with an intermediate stop at Jose Maria Cordova Airport, near Medellin, Colombia. Of the 158 persons aboard, 73 were fatally injured.|
Because of poor weather conditions in the northeastern part of the United States, the flightcrew was placed in holding three times by air traffic control for a total of about 1 hour and 17 minutes. During the third period of holding, the flightcrew reported that the airplane could not hold longer than 5 minutes, that it was running out of fuel, and that it could not reach its alternate airport, Boston-Logan International. Subsequently, the flightcrew executed a missed approach to John F. Kennedy International Airport. While trying to return to the airport, the airplane experienced a loss of power to all four engines and crashed approximately 16 miles from the airport.
The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the failure of the flightcrew to adequately manage the airplane's fuel load, and their failure to communicate an emergency fuel situation to air traffic control before fuel exhaustion occurred. Contributing to the accident was the flightcrew's failure to use an airline operational control dispatch system to assist them during the international flight into a high-density airport in poor weather. Also contributing to the accident was inadequate traffic flow management by the Federal Aviation Admini stration and the lack of standardized understandable terminology for pilots and controllers for minimum and emergency fuel states.
The Safety Board also determines that windshear, crew fatigue and stress were factors that led to the unsuccessful completion of the first approach and thus contributed to the accident.
The safety issues raised in this report include:
1. Pilot responsibilities and dispatch responsibilities regarding planning, fuel requirements, and flight following during international flights.
2. Pilot to controller communications regarding the terminology to be used to convey fuel status and the need for special handling.
3. ATC flow control procedures and responsibilities to accommodate aircraft with low fuel state.
4. Flightcrew coordination and English language proficiency of foreign crews.
Recommendations concerning these issues were addressed to the Federal Aviation Administration and the Director, Departmento Administrative de Aeronautico Civil (DAAC), Columbia.
|Learning Keywords:||Operations - Airspace - Air Traffic Control|
|Operations - Crew Resource Management|
|Operations - Controlled Flight Into Terrain|
|Operations - Deadstick/Power Loss|
|Operations - Fuel Exhaustion|
|Operations - Language|
|Other - Crew Fatigue|
|Consequence - Hull Loss|
|Close match:||All Engines-out Landing Due to Fuel Exhaustion, Air Transat, Airbus A330-243 marks C-GITS, Lajes, Azores, Portugal, 24 August 2001|
|Engine failure, Serious Incident to ATR 42 EI-CBK near Dublin 8 August 2003|
|Multiple system failures, Airbus A340-642, G-VATL|
|Apparent fuel leak, Boeing 777-236, G-YMME|
|Uncontained engine failure, Boeing 737-236 series 1, G-BGJL|
|Engine fire, McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, N68065|
|Crash During Approach to Landing, Air Tahoma, Inc., Flight 185, Convair 580, N586P, Covington, Kentucky, August 13, 2004|
|In-flight loss of both engines, McDonnell Douglas MD-82, June 4, 2002|
|Fuel exhaustion, Executive Airlines, British Aerospace J-3101, N16EJ, Bear Creek Township, Pennsylvania, May 21, 2000|
|Fuel exhaustion, Overseas National Airways, Inc., Douglas DC-9, N935F, Operating As Antilliaanse Luchtvaart Maatschappij Flight 980, Near St. Croix, Virgin Islands, May 2, 1970|
|Crash following engine failure, Southern Airways, Inc., DC-9-31, N1335U, New Hope, Georgia, April 4, 1977|
|Fuel starvation, United Airlines, Inc., McDonnell-Douglas DC-8-61, N8082U, Portland, Oregon, December 28, 1978|
|Power loss in thunderstorm, Air Wisconsin, Swearingen SA-226 Metro, N650S, Valley, Nebraska, June 12, 1980|
|Engine fire, Airbus Industrie A300, July 9, 1998|
|Bird ingestion into both engines, Douglas DC-9-15F, March 4, 1999|
|Uncontained engine failure and fuel tank puncture, Boeing 747-130, August 14, 1995|
|Overspeed And Loss Of Power On Both Engines During Descent And Power-Off Emergency Landing, Simmons Airlines, Inc., D/B/A American Eagle Flight 3641, N349SB False River Air Park, New Roads, Louisiana, February 1, 1994|
|Foreign object ingestion and dual power loss, McDonnell Douglas DC-9-87, March 14, 1997|
|Dual engine failure and loss of directional control, Douglas DC-9-32, Windsor Locks, December 19, 1995|
|Ethiopian Airlines B767 (ET-AIZ) Aircraft Accident In the Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros, in the Indian Ocean on November 23, 1996|
|Uncontrolled collision with terrain, Flagship Airlines, Inc., dba American Eagle Flight 3379, BAe Jetstream 3201, N918AE, Morrisville, North Carolina, December 13, 1994|
|Engine fire, McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, G-NIUK, May 11, 1997|
Accident Reports on DVD, Copyright © 2006 by Flight Simulation Systems, LLC. All Rights Reserved. All referenced trademarks are the property of their respective owners.www.fss.aero