Event Details


Title:Loss of control on takeoff, United Airlines Flight 2885, N8053U, McDonnell Douglas DC-8-54F, Detroit, Michigan, January 11, 1983
Micro summary:Following takeoff, this Douglas DC-8-54F rolled to the right and crashed into the ground.
Event Time:1983-01-11 at 0250:03
File Name:1983-01-11-US.pdf
Publishing Agency:National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
Publishing Country:USA
Report number:NTSB-AAR-83-07
Pages:64
Site of event:Detroit RWY 21R
Latitude/Longitude:N4213' W08322'
Departure:Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, Romulus, Michigan, USA
Destination:Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles, California, USA
Airplane Type(s):Douglas DC-8-54F
Flight Phase:Takeoff
Registration(s):N8053U
Operator(s):United Airlines
Type of flight:Revenue
Occupants:3
Fatalities:3
Serious Injuries:0
Minor/Non-Injured:0
Other Injuries:0
Executive Summary:On January 11, 1983, United Airlines Flight 2885, a McDonnell Douglas DC-8-54F, N8053U, was being operated as a regularly scheduled cargo flight from Cleveland, Ohio, to Los Angeles, California, with an en route stop at Detroit, Michigan. United 2885 departed Cleveland at 0115 and arrived at the Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport at 0152, where cargo for Detroit was unloaded, the airplane was refueled, and cargo for Los Angeles was loaded. At 0249:58, United 2885 called for clearance onto runway 21R and was cleared for takeoff at 0250:03. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time, and the company had filed and been cleared for a standard IFR flight plan.

According to witnesses, the takeoff roll was normal, and the airplane rotated to takeoff attitude one-half to two-thirds of the way down runway 21R. After liftoff, the airplane's pitch attitude steepened abnormally, and it climbed to about 1,000 feet above ground level. The airplane then rolled to the right and descended rapidly to the ground. An explosion and fireball occurred at impact. The airplane was destroyed by impact and by the postimpact fire. The flightcrew, consisting of the captain, the first officer, and the second officer, were killed

The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of the accident was the flightcrew's failure to follow procedural checklist requirements and to detect and correct a mistrimmed stabilizer before the airplane became uncontrollable. Contributing to the accident was the captain's allowing the second officer, who was not qualified to act as a pilot, to occupy the seat of the first officer and to conduct the takeoff.
Learning Keywords:Operations - Center of Gravity/MAC
Operations - Trim Misset
Operations - Uncontrolled Flight into Terrain
Consequence - Hull Loss
Close match:Tail strike during take-off, Boeing 747-412 9V-SMT, flight SQ286, Auckland International Airport 12 March 2003
Tailstrike on takeoff, Serious incident occurring on November 29, 2002 at Dortmund Airport involving a Boeing 737-800
Uncommanded rotation, Incident involving aircraft LN-RPL at Gothenburg/Landvetter Airport, O county, Sweden, on 7 December 2003
Loading error, Airbus A340-642, G-VSHY
Uncommanded pitch-up, Airbus A320-214, G-OOAR
Tail strike on rotation, Boeing 777-200B, N784UA
Uncommanded pitch-up, Fokker F27-600 Friendship, G-CHNL
Loss of Pitch Control During Takeoff, Air Midwest Flight 5481, Raytheon (Beechcraft) 1900D, N233YV, Charlotte, North Carolina, January 8, 2003
Stall on takeoff, Bombardier CL-600-2B16 (CL-604), C-FTBZ , Mid-Continent Airport, Wichita, Kansas, October 10, 2000
Uncontrolled Impact With Terrain, Fine Airlines Flight 101, Douglas DC-8-61, N27UA, Miami, Florida, August 7, 1997
Weight and Balance complications, McDonnell Douglas MD-83, March 7, 2000
Tail strike on takeoff, Boeing 747-128, December 28, 2001
Tail strike on landing from FMS error, McDonnell Douglas MD-11, November 11, 1998
Runway overrun, Airbus A320, Detroit, March 17, 2001
Runway overrun Onur Air, Runway overrun after rejected take-off of the Onur Air MD-88, registration TC-ONP, at Groningen Airport Eelde on 17 June 2003

 




Accident Reports on DVD, Copyright © 2006 by Flight Simulation Systems, LLC.  All Rights Reserved.
 All referenced trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
www.fss.aero