Event Details

Title:Uncontained engine failure, Overseas National Airways, Inc., Douglas DC-10-30, N1032F, John F. Kennedy International Airport, Jamaica, New York, November 12, 1975
Micro summary:This Douglas DC-10-30 rejected takeoff after multiple bird strikes; the RTO was compounded by a #3 uncontained engine failure and tire failures.
Event Time:1975-11-12 at 1310 EST
File Name:1975-11-12-3-US.pdf
Publishing Agency:National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
Publishing Country:USA
Report number:NTSB-AAR-1976-19
Site of event:JFK RWY 13R
Latitude/Longitude:N4038' W7346'
Departure:John F. Kennedy International Airport, Jamaica, New York, USA
Destination:Frankfurt/Main, Germany
Airplane Type(s):McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30
Flight Phase:Takeoff
Operator(s):Overseas National Airways
Type of flight:Revenue
Serious Injuries:32
Other Injuries:0
Executive Summary:A t 1310 EST, November 12, 1975, Overseas National Airways, Inc., Flight 032, a Douglas DC-10-30 (N1032F), crashed while attempting to take off from runway 13R at the John F. Kennedy International Airport, Jamaica, New York. During the takeoff roll, as the aircraft accelerated past 100 kns but before it reached V1, sea gulls rose from the runway. The aircraft struck many of the birds, and the takeoff was rejected. As the aircraft was being decelerated, the No. 3 engine disintegrated and caught fire. The aircraft continued to roll out; several tires and wheels disintegrated; and the aircraft did not decelerate as expected. When the aircraft approached the end of the runway, the captain steered the aircraft onto a taxiway; the landing gear collapsed and, ultimately, most of the aircraft was consumed by the fire. Of the 139 persons aboard the aircraft, 2 persons were seriously injured, and 30 persons were slightly injured.

The National Transportation Safety Board determined that the probable cause of the accident was the disintegration and subsequent fire in the No. 3 engine when it ingested a large number of sea gulls. Following the disintegration of the engine, the aircraft failed to decelerate effectively because: (1) The No. 3 hydraulic system was inoperative, which caused the loss of the No. 2 brake system and braking torque to be reduced 50 percent; (2) the No. 3 engine thrust reversers were inoperative; (3) a t least three tires disintegrated; (4) the No. 3 system spoiler panels on each wing could not deploy; and (5) the runway surface was wet.

The following factors contributed to the accident: (1) The bird-control program a t John F. Kennedy Airport did not effectively control the bird hazard on the airport; and (2) the FAA and the General Electric Company failed to consider the effects of rotor imbalance on the abradable epoxy shroud material when the engine was tested for certification.
Learning Keywords:Operations - Birdstrike
Operations - Braking Issues (General)
Operations - Rejected Takeoff before V1
Operations - Slippery Runway, Taxiway, Apron
Systems - Braking Systems
Systems - Engine - Foreign Object Damage
Systems - Engine - Uncontained Engine Failure
Systems - Engine Fire
Systems - Flight Controls - Spoilers - Slats - Flaps
Systems - Hydraulics
Systems - Landing Gear
Systems - Landing Gear - Tires
Other - Airport Management
Other - Certification
Consequence - Damage - Airframe or fuselage
Consequence - Hull Loss


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