Event Details

Title:Runway Collision, Korean Air Lines, McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, HL7339, Southcentral Air Piper PA-31-350, N35206, Anchorage, Alaska, December 23, 1983
Micro summary:This DC-10 collided with a Piper PA-31-350 head-on on runway 6L.
Event Time:1983-12-23 at 1406 Yukon standard time
File Name:1983-12-23-US.pdf
Publishing Agency:National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
Publishing Country:USA
Report number:NTSB-AAR-84-10
Site of event:Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport runway 6L
Latitude/Longitude:N6110'N W14959'
First AirplaneSecond Airplane
Departure:Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport, Anchorage, Alaska, USATed Stevens Anchorage International Airport, Anchorage, Alaska, USA
Destination:Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles, California, USAKenai Municipal Airport, Kenai, Alaska, USA
Airplane Type(s):McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30Piper PA-31-350
Flight Phase:TakeoffTaxi
Operator(s):Korean AirSouthcentral Air
Type of flight:CargoRevenue
Serious Injuries:06
Other Injuries:00
Executive Summary:At 1406 Yukon standard time, on December 23, 1983, Korean Air Lines Flight 084, a scheduled cargo flight from Anchorage, Alaska, to Los Angeles, California, collided head-on with SouthCentral Air Flight 59, a scheduled commuter flight from Anchorage to Kenai, Alaska, on runway 6L-24R at Anchorage International Airport. Both flights had filed instrument flight rules flight plans, and instrument meteorological conditions prevailed at the time of the accident. The SouthCentral Air Piper PA-31-350 was destroyed by the collision impact, and the Korean Air Lines McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 was destroyed by impact and postimpact fire. Of the eight passengers aboard Flight 59, three were slightly injured. The pilot was not injured. The three crewmembers on Flight 084 sustained serious injuries.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable causes of the accident were the failure of the pilot of Korean Air Lines Flight 084 to follow accepted procedures during taxi, which caused him to become disoriented while selecting the runway; the failure of the pilot to use the compass to confirm his position; and the decision of the pilot to take off when he was unsure that the aircraft was positioned on the correct runway. Contributing to the accident was the fog, which reduced visibility to a point that the pilot could not ascertain his position visually and the control tower personnel could not assist the pilot. Also contributing to the accident was a lack of legible taxiway and runway signs at several intersections passed by Flight 084 while it was taxiing.
Learning Keywords:Operations - Airport Markings or Lighting
Operations - Airspace - Air Traffic Control
Operations - Checklists/Procedures
Operations - Crew Resource Management
Operations - Runway Collision
Operations - Ground Collision
Consequence - Hull Loss
Close match:Ground collision, Final Report by the Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau on the collision on the ground between Crossair AG AVRO RJ100, HB-IYX and TAM, Brazilian Airlines Airbus A330-200, PT-MVB on 27 December 2001, 19:39 UTC Zurich Airport
Runway Collision, United Express Flight 5925 and Beechcraft King Air A90, Quincy Municipal Airport, Quincy, Illinois, November 19, 1996
Runway Collision involving Trans World Airlines Flight 427 and Superior Aviation Cessna 441, Bridgeton, Missouri, November 22, 1994
Ground collision, Collision between KLM Boeing 747 PH-BUF and Pan Am boeing 747, N737PA at Los Rodeos (Tenerife Norte) on March 27, 1977
Runway collision of USAir Flight 1493, Boeing 737 and Skywest Flight 5569 FairChild Metroliner, Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles, California, February 1, 1991
Runway collision of Eastern Airlines Boeing 727, Flight 111 and Epps Air Service Beechcraft King Air A100, Atlanta Hartsfield International Airport, Atlanta, Georgia, January 18, 1990


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