Event Details

Title:Landed short, Eastern Air Lines, Inc., Douglas DC-9-31, N8984E, Charlotte, North Carolina, September 11, 1974
Micro summary:This DC-9 was executing a non-precision approach and crashed short of the runway.
Event Time:1974-09-11 at 0734 EDT
File Name:1974-09-11-US.pdf
Publishing Agency:National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
Publishing Country:USA
Report number:NTSB-AAR-75-9
Site of event:Approach; 3.3 mi short of RWY 36
Latitude/Longitude:N3509'14 08055'34"
Departure:Charleston International Airport/Charleston AFB, Charleston, South Carolina, USA
Destination:Charlotte-Douglas International Airport, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA
Airplane Type(s):Douglas DC-9-31
Flight Phase:Landing
Operator(s):Eastern Air Lines
Type of flight:Revenue
Serious Injuries:10
Other Injuries:0
Executive Summary:About 0734 EDT, on September 11, 1974, Eastern Air Lines, Inc., Flight 212, crashed 3.3 statute miles short of runway 36 at Douglas Municipal Airport, Charlotte, North Carolina. The flight was conducting a VOR DME nonprecision approach in visibility restricted by patchy dense ground fog. Of the 82 persons aboard the aircraft, 11 survived the accident. One survivor died of injuries 29 days after the accident. The aircraft was destroyed by impact and fire.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of the accident was the flightcrew's lack of altitude awareness at critical points during the approach due to poor cockpit discipline in that the crew did not follow prescribed procedure.
Learning Keywords:Operations - Airspace - Non-Precision Approach
Operations - Crew Resource Management
Operations - Controlled Flight Into Terrain
Operations - Unstabilized Approach
Consequence - Hull Loss
Close match:Crashed short, National Airlines, Inc., B-727-235, N47MNA, Escambia Bay, Pensacola, Florida, May 8, 1978
Landed short, United Air Lines, Inc., Boeing 737, N9031U, Chicago-Midway Airport, Chicago, Illinois, December 8, 1972


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